In mid-2018, the Dairy Farm Group, which manages supermarket chains like Cold Storage and Giant, engaged design consultancy firm Savant Degrees to conceptualise a new space in the Central Business District, which was considerably smaller than its existing stores. Using Design Thinking, the team optimised the limited space for retail, designed the space for a lean manpower team, and developed a new brand concept – Jasons Deli – in just 195 days. Their efforts helped the store to reap profits within three months.
Four times smaller than a typical supermarket, the new space at the Marina Bay Link Mall posed a new challenge to the Dairy Farm Group. Photo provided by Dairy Farm Group
In land-scarce Singapore, it is getting increasingly harder to find 20,000 square-feet of space for a typical supermarket, especially in the city’s downtown. So when Dairy Farm Group secured a 5,000 square-foot retail lot at Marina Bay Link Mall (MBLM), the challenge was to optimise the limited space for business.
A second challenge was the manpower crunch. Hiring enough staff to run a supermarket efficiently was getting tougher in Singapore and a creative solution was warranted.
Third, there was a growing trend of consumers buying bulky items (like rice and toilet paper) online for home delivery. Hence, basket sizes were “shrinking” at physical stores, with consumers buying lighter, smaller goods. There was a need to rethink what needed to be sold at physical retail outlets.
With these challenges in mind, Dairy Farm engaged a design consultancy firm – its first time doing so in Singapore. Prior to this, they had followed a fixed formula to maximise floor space. In the design brief to Savant Degrees, the outcome for “Project Blank Canvas” was left open. The key was to use Design Thinking (DT) principles and processes to come up with a new concept that was driven by customers’ needs.
Project Blank Canvas ran from May to December 2018 and took just 195 days.
From May to September, Savant Degrees implemented DT methodology across five sprints. Each sprint took about two weeks and had its own set of specific activities and deliverables – from stakeholder interviews and research to branding and prototyping of store concepts.
Benhardi Susanto, who now manages the Jasons Deli at Marina Bay Link Mall, was part of the 20-person team assembled by Dairy Farm Group’s management to run the “secret” project. Photo provided by Dairy Farm Group
Key to the project’s success was commitment from leaders and the 20-person team handpicked from various departments for this “secret” project. These were employees with the expertise and extensive experience in setting up new stores – ranging from IT to logistics and marketing. David Goh (then-Managing Director of Cold Storage & Giant) and Dan Leonard (then-Operations Director of Cold Storage) also requested for Benhardi Susanto, a team lead, to be attached to Savant Degrees.
Ethnographic observations. The DT process began with observing shoppers in the store’s vicinity across weekdays and weekends (during breakfast, lunch and dinner) to gather insights on their purchase and lifestyle habits. Surprise finding: While the store is in an office building, there were children there on weekends, which meant it had to also cater to families.
Engaging customers. To validate and flesh out their findings, Susanto conducted over 20 face-to-face interviews with staff from DBS – a major tenant in the building – as well as phone interviews and focus group discussions.
Ideation and Prototyping. From the insights gathered, the team further brainstormed feasible ideas that would make business sense. (See section “Response to insights gathered”) To test what worked and what didn’t, the insights were translated into prototypes and tried out on-site on shoppers who fit the target demographics. Their feedback was then taken into account to fine-tune the concept.
Business viability. At the tail-end of the ideation-prototyping process, the concept was assessed for commercial feasibility. Challenged by constraints, the team achieved a lean manpower count and a selling floor to storage area ratio of 90:10 due to creative use of space, like overhead storage.
The team working on Project Blank Canvas would prototype their ideas, such as smaller self-service counters made with cardboard, and test them out at Cold Storage branches. Photo provided by Dairy Farm Group
Response to insights gathered
- Fast Lane: One key finding was that many professionals have no time for sit-down meals. To enable easy grab-and-go, the store was divided into two zones: Fast and Slow. The Fast Lane runs straight through to the checkout counter and is stocked with ready-to-eat items like salad and bakery goods.
- Self-service: From feedback, customers indicated a preference for self-service – from making their own salads to checking out. This fully self-service concept frees the staff to assist in more value-added ways, and has also helped ease the manpower crunch.
- Dwelling space: To cater to a segment of customers who visit the store to unwind, it was designed to feel like a park, with the self-service ready meals section as centrepiece and additional lighting to imitate outdoor skylight. Shelf height was lowered to 1.6 metres to create an open vista, mirrors were installed on existing pillars, and plants brought in to create a welcoming feel.
- More fresh food: A surprise finding was that customers wanted more fresh foods like meats and seafood to be stocked. This was partly due to residents living in the Marina Bay area. In response, more floor space was set aside for fresh items, which now make up 45 percent of their sales.
- Price competitiveness: Professionals working in the area found it convenient to pick up groceries before heading home. By understanding customers’ user journey and habits when it came to grocery shopping, the team knew that the new store would be competing with heartland stores in terms of pricing. Despite the store’s prime location, and its premium look and feel, store prices were made comparable to neighbourhood supermarkets.
- Going green: From customer archetypes, Savant Degrees found that these working professionals were supporters of eco-friendly practices and initiatives. They were therefore more accepting of the store’s policy to charge for plastic bags and receptive to eco-conscious reminders around the store.
- New branding: With a clear understanding of what the customers wanted, the team set out to create a set of brand values for the new store in sprint 5, whereupon they delved into an in-depth discussion on whether it was necessary to launch a new brand. The company commissioned a new budget to conduct an off-site branding workshop, where it was decided they would take the plunge. The new brand (the first in over a decade for Dairy Farm) was hinged on a friendly persona, and translated to more casual uniforms, savvy design and staff profile.
The first Jasons Deli opened at MBLM in December 2018. Within two months, the store broke even. And in the third month, they were making profits.
The fully self-service checkout system not only improved the customer turnaround time by 50 percent but also staff productivity – thus making better use of its lean team.
A full self-service store, Jasons Deli has a “fast lane” near to the checkout counters for shoppers who simply want to grab and go, as well as a “slow lane” for those who prefer to browse and discover items. Photo provided by Dairy Farm Group.
“Even after the opening, new insights from customers helped us to fine-tune the range of products and even store layout,” says Store Manager Susanto. As a result, the store’s year-end performance for 2019 saw a 30 percent sales growth in the third quarter over the first quarter, and 10 percent above sales budget in the second-half of the year.
The concept became a blueprint for subsequent smaller stores. In the span of 12 months, Jasons Deli opened two new outlets at Marina Bay Sands and ION Orchard.
For the pioneering team, the results are heartening. Fong Yoon Chyi, a Marketing Manager who was involved in all three store openings, says, “Those of us who were part of this project understand the DT process so if we’re involved in future stores, we can champion this approach.”
Guided by DT principles and values, the team found creative solutions to tackle space constraints, staff shortage and reduced basket size. Zi Huan Wee, Managing Director of Savant Degrees, says “the outcome could have been very different if the insights had taken us down a different path – it was all driven by putting the customer first.”
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